Coal

Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala Transparently in India (SHAKTI)
Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala Transparently in India (SHAKTI)

The Government approved the fading away of the existing Letter of Assurance (LoA) - Fuel Supply Agreement (FSA) regime and introduced Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala (Coal) Transparently in India (SHAKTI), 2017, which was issued by the Ministry of Coal on 22 May 2017.

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Coking Coal Requirement for Steel Plants
Coking Coal Requirement for Steel Plants

There is a shortage of coking coal used in steel plants and some part of their requirement is met by the companies from imported coking coal. Steel plants require low ash content of coal for their sustainability with respect to techno-economics as well as environmental aspects.

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Initiatives to Increase Coal Production
Initiatives to Increase Coal Production

The following action has also been taken by Government to enhance the production of the coal in India.

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Coal Import in India (Coking and Non-Coking)
Coal Import in India (Coking and Non-Coking)

Year-wise import of coking and non-coking coal in India from 2010-11.

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Coal Production in India
Coal Production in India

Coal production in India during the year 2018-19 was 728.72 million tonne (MT) as compared to 532.69 MTs during 2010-11. The total raw coal production in India in the year 2019-20 is 730.873 Million Tonne.

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Coal Gasification Plants
Coal Gasification Plants

With a view to establish Coal Gasification Plants, Coal India Limited (CIL) is taking up several projects which are under different stages of execution.

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Allocation of Coal Mines to Private Sector
Allocation of Coal Mines to Private Sector

42 coal mines have been allocated to Private Sector under Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 (CMSP Act, 2015) and Mine and Mineral (Development &Regulation) Act, 1957 (MMDR Act, 1957) through a transparent & competitive bidding mechanism.

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Country-wise Coal Import in India: 2019-20
Country-wise Coal Import in India: 2019-20

Country-wise coal imports in India during 2019-20 from various countries.

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Country-wise Coal Import in India: 2018-19
Country-wise Coal Import in India: 2018-19

Import of coal of India during 2019-19 from various countries.

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Country-wise Coal Import in India: 2017-18
Country-wise Coal Import in India: 2017-18

Coal import in India from various countries during the year 2017-18.

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Auctions for 2nd Tranche of Commercial Coal Mining, 2021
Auctions for 2nd Tranche of Commercial Coal Mining, 2021

India launched (March 2021) its 2nd Tranche of auction for commercial coal mining offering 67 mines for sale of coal. This is the highest number of mines on offer in a particular tranche of auction after commencement of the auction regime since 2014.

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Sustainable Development for Coal Sector
Sustainable Development for Coal Sector

The Government has put major thrust on sustainable development in coal mining and is taking multi-pronged action on both environmental and social fronts. The Ministry of Coal has moved forward with a comprehensive Sustainable Development Plan and has initiated its speedy implementation.

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Mineral Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2020
Mineral Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2020

The Parliament has passed The Mineral Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2020 for amendments in Mines & Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act 1957 and The Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015.

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Coal Reserves in India
Coal Reserves in India

Coal deposits are mainly confined to eastern and south central parts of India. The states of Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra account for 98.58 % of the total coal reserves in the country. The State of Jharkhand had the maximum share (26.29%) in the overall reserves of coal followed by the State of Odisha (24.58%).

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Import of Coking Coal
Import of Coking Coal

The year-wise import of coking coal in India during the years i.e. 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17 was 43.72 MT, 44.56 MT and 41.64 MT respectively.

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State-wise Coal Reserves in India
State-wise Coal Reserves in India

Central Mine Planning and Design Institute (CMPDI) is the nodal agency for exploration of coal in India. It is using latest techniques to explore the fresh coal reserves like Hi-Tech Hydrostatic drills for drilling; 2D & 3D seismic survey with Vibrosis & interpretation with Paradigm software; satellite imagery for identification of forest and probable coal bearing areas & modern software such as AutoCAD, ArcGIS and Minex for preparation of Geological reports which is equivalent to industry best practices worldwide.

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Coal Exploration in India
Coal Exploration in India

Exploration of coal resources in the country is a continuous process. Ministry of Coal through its central sector scheme supports the promotional or regional exploration and detailed exploration in non Coal India Limited (CIL) blocks.

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Royalty Rates on Coal and Lignite
Royalty Rates on Coal and Lignite

Section 9(3) of the Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957, provides that the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend the Second Schedule (which specifies rates of royalty) so as to enhance or reduce the rate at which royalty shall be payable in respect of any mineral, provided that the Central Government shall not enhance the rate of royalty in respect of any mineral more than once during any period of three years.

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Coal Washeries in India
Coal Washeries in India

Coal washing is an integral part of coal production. Raw coal coming from mines is washed to remove the ash contents to make them fit for feeding into boilers, particularly those of steel plants. Barring a few instances, a coal washery does not form part of a coal mine in India.

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